Half of the population in Nigeria is of women and girls. Yet they are not receiving as much job opportunity and health care services as their male counter parts. They are subjected to physical, sexual, and psychological violence. This is will greatly hinder the development of the country. However, from time to time, female have been able to contribute and bring great changes to a nation. Therefore SDG 5 focuses on achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls.
The Nigerian government has implemented some legal frameworks to promote gender equality and non-discrimination against women and girls, but that have remained the same and no new frameworks are introduced.
Despite having implemented a few legal frameworks in order to promote gender equalities, the number of women in parliaments is still very low. The proportion of seats held by women significantly decreased from an already low 6.9 per cent in 2014, to 4.4 per cent in 2019.
Fortunately, the number of women under 15 decreased slight at 1.6 per cent from the 17.3 per cent five years ago.
Men or males are always seen as superior according to the social norm in Nigeria, that woman is supposed to stay at home and only care for their children. Gender roles are also practiced heavily, and many managerial positions are only given to males. Female voices are often not heard as they are not in the position to voice out their opinions in the first place.
Commitment towards achieving gender equality is also considered to be very low despite some of legal framework implemented. However, the poor implementation of it does not help to improve the situation. Thanks to the fact that there are less women in the workforce, this has made women more prone to be in the lower economic status. This creates a plethora of issues whereby; they also cannot afford to start their own business or campaign to grant themselves political positions.
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